History and Culture
The Parthenon is one of the most famous monument in the world and one of the greatest greek architectural masterpiece. Parthenon exhibits ruins of an ancient temple with doric style of architectural. The symmetry and optical illusions created due to its architectural innovation is worth exploring.
When to visit:
january - december
08:00 - 19:30 : Sunday, Tuesday - Saturday
11:00 - 19:30 : Monday
It is advisable to visit the Parthenon before climbing up the Acropolis. Watch the video shown on the top floor of the museum, it will give some insight into the history of the Parthenon.
The Parthenon is an ancient temple deicted to goddess Athena built in Doric style with iconic Architectural features. It is one of the significant building in Acropolis with innovative concept and execution. The Parthenon is especially popular for its optical illusions and unique design features.
The Parthenon has served many purposes in the past. It has served as a treasury for the Athenian Empire, as a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and as a mosque in the early 1460s. Since 1975 restoration work of the Parthenon has been started expected to complete by 2020.
Architecture of the Parthenon
25 columns carrying an entablature
The opisthodomos, smaller rooms acted as treasury
The Metopes, rectangular elements with carvings depicting the struggle between the forces of order and justice
The Pedimental Sculptures, fills the triangular space above the triglyphs and metopes depicting historical events
The Frieze running around the upper edge of the temple wall depicting figures with various ritual functions.
Athena Parthenos used to be only sculptire in the Parthenon from the hands of Phidias. This sculpture is now lost and its images can be seen in copies, vase painting, gems, literary descriptions and coins.
It is advisable to visit the museum before climbing up the Acropolis. Watch the video shown on the top floor of the museum, it will give some insight into the history of the Parthenon.
Free admission days 6 March (in memory of Melina Mercouri) 18 April (International Monuments Day) 18 May (International Museums Day) The last weekend of September annually (European Heritage Days) 28 October Every first Sunday from November 1st to March 31st
How to Reach The Parthenon ?
To reach the Parthenon, the nearby stations are Monastiraki, Thesion and the Acropolis Metro station.